A rootkit is a term used to describe mechanisms that allow malware such as viruses and spyware to hide their existence from tools that are designed to eradicate them. Rootkits commonly open back doors to systems so that malicious intruders can access the system with administrative credentials or intruders use them on the machine to maintain their access. See here for more information about rootkits.
When you are prompted to type your security credentials into the Enter Network Password dialog and you check Save this password in your password list, you have cached your password.
To disable password caching:
1. Open a CMD.EXE window.
2. Type the following command and press Enter:
REG ADD “HKCUSoftwareMicrosoftWindowsCurrentVersionInternet Settings” /V DisablePasswordCaching /T REG_DWORD /F /D 1
NOTE: REG.EXE is built into Windows XP and Windows Server 2003. It is installed on Windows 2000 from the Support Tools folder on the Windows 2000 CD-ROM.
NOTE: To enable password caching, use:
REG ADD “HKCUSoftwareMicrosoftWindowsCurrentVersionInternet Settings” /V DisablePasswordCaching /T REG_DWORD /F /D 0
To disable the Windows XP Notification Area balloon tips:
1. Use the registry editor to navigate to HKEY_CURRENT_USERSoftwareMicrosoftWindowsCurrentVersionExplorerAdvanced.
2. on the Edit menu, press New and DWORD value.
3. Type a Value Name of EnableBalloonTips.
4. Double-click EnableBalloonTips and type 0.
Alternately, open a CMD.EXE window and type:
REG ADD “HKCUSoftwareMicrosoftWindowsCurrentVersionExplorerAdvanced” /V EnableBalloonTips /T REG_DWORD /F /D 0
You can use the whoami command with the /groups switch to display all the groups in the currently logged on user token as the following command and output show:
C:Documents and Settingsali>whoami /groups
[Group 1] = “UKDomain Users”
[Group 2] = “Everyone”
[Group 3] = “MERCURYDebugger Users”
[Group 4] = “BUILTINAdministrators”
[Group 5] = “BUILTINUsers”
[Group 6] = “UKDomain Admins”
[Group 7] = “UKEnterprise Admins”
[Group 8] = “UKSchema Admins”
[Group 9] = “LOCAL”
[Group 10] = “NT AUTHORITYINTERACTIVE”
[Group 11] = “NT AUTHORITYAuthenticated Users”
An excellent article on lesessais.com about the issues dealt with people trying to quit this game:
Here. Bear with me. Let me describe an emotional state, and you come up with the cause. First, emptiness. Emptiness like hunger, ravenous hunger; emptiness like the blackness that descends behind closed eyelids at the crepuscule before sleep; emptiness as need; emptiness as blind desire; emptiness visualized as a gaping hole where the heart once held court. Then, regret. Regret for loss, regret that the emptiness exists, regret that the memory of what once filled the hole—the heart, now, the heart, remember—lies dead and dies more each and every passing day; regret that the knowledge of what other people do to fill up their life has been lost along countless missteps and misspent hours trying to find the path on which you once, as a child, so deftly picked your way; regret that something is gone and has left an emptiness as deep as the blackest reaches of outer space. Anger, next. Anger that emptiness is remembered with regret; anger at the witless world that allowed such a gain that could become a loss that could be defined as emptiness with vast regret; anger that you, who once were so strong, so supple, so springboard-ready to bounce back to a mean emotional state, a psychical purpose, can see yourself suffering and maundering over the black heart, its regretful state, and your pointless rage. Despair, finally, that you will ever be another way.
Love, you say? If you did, and I hope you did, then you got it right, at least in purpose and point of origin, for though it smacks of the lovelorn puppy dog ministrations of a mooney-eyed lover, the emotional state I described was of an addict’s absence of soul, of spirit, of the will to experience. Which is to say, they are not all that different.
Unhealthy obsessions, selfish solipsism…the fables and myths that give us succor and teach us morals warn against anything so monomaniacal: it is hardly necessary to think of Narcissus to extend any story’s teleology to death by personal infirmity, moral laxity, or, quite simply, gazing too long at a mirrored self. Love, the quaint excuse for the angst-ridden teen’s outrageous outcries—the union of two souls! Death by dissolution! Not life, no, but bliss!—is seldom more than a mirror made to trick the viewer into seeing a better self. What of other mirrors? Other tricks? What of those that mask the truth but lightly, and in the dancing points of light you can see the fiction, the misdirection, life not lived but carefully avoided, painted in unearthly colors and brighter, happier, than even the most stunted man-child could ever want life to be? We could say that the infirmity is weaker, the morals ignored with more purpose and pain, the waters of immurement approached with more knowledge, dire knowledge, that it is death the soul seeks.
All this is pretty heavy-handed for someone talking of love. Still more for someone speaking of a video game. But there it is. Here. Where love once filled the hours of thousands of men and women who had nothing else to divert their attention away from the painful, plodding progress of life as we know it, we have a game. To be sure, there are other diversions, some do drugs, others take to drink, but for general amusement, for avoiding thinking, there have always been games and activities meant to satisfy other base yearnings—accomplishment, pride, mental facility, physical prowess, social adaptability—but no game quite like this…
To quickly export your IP (inc dns / wins) settings to a text file, use the following command:
netsh -c interface dump > c:\work-net.txt
When you connect to another LAN
netsh -c interface dump > c:\home.txt
Once you have everything in a text file, you can use this command to import the settings depending on your location
netsh -f c:\work-net.txt
Most Windows components can be uninstalled by going to Add/Remove Windows Components in the Control Panel. But what about ones that you don’t find? You know that they’re on there somewhere, so how do you get rid of them? Well, it’s actually not too hard to bring these out of hiding.
Hidden in the C:WINNTINF directory is a file called sysoc.inf (for XP replace winnt with windows).
Lets say you want to hide the IIS components from Add/remove programs.
Simply add the word “hide” here:
If you want to unhide, just remove the “hide” from any component you wish.
To fix this error, try:
Click start-run type services.msc then press enter
Look for the Automatic Updates Service, right click it and choose to stop
Click start->run type %windir%SoftwareDistribution then press enter
Open the DataStorage folder and delete its contents.
Click start->run type services.msc
right click the Automatic Update Service and choose to start
Now try running the Updates again.
To remove the domain drop-down list from the logon screen and force users to use their full user principal name (UPN), perform these steps:
1. Start the registry editor (regedit.exe).
2. Navigate to the HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINESOFTWAREMicrosoftWindows NTCurrentVersionWinlogon registry subkey.
3. From the Edit menu, select New, DWORD value.
4. Enter a name of NoDomainUI and press Enter.
5. Double-click the new value and set it to 1. Click OK.
6. Reboot the machine.
The logon screen will no longer show a drop-down list for domains, and users will need to enter the full UPN to log on. For example, the user of an account called Ali in domain alibutt.com will enter the logon name email@example.com
As part of the European Union (EU) and Microsoft antitrust settlement, Microsoft had to create versions of Windows XP Professional Edition and Windows XP Home Edition that don’t include Windows Media Player (WMP). These versions are called XP Professional Edition N and XP Home Edition N and are available only in Europe.